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Friday, November 20, 2009

Hindu Gods


The Hinduism is well known for the multiplicity of the Gods. It doesn't advocate the worship of any particular deity. In this context, the Hindu concept of God can be misinterpreted. The fact is that, all these gods and goddesses represent different aspects of the absolute supreme called Brahman. One should understand the fact that each deity is a manifestation of Brahman. It symbolizes one particular aspect of Brahman, or ultimately Brahman itself.

Multiplicity of gods in Hinduism

The Hinduism is well known for the multiplicity of the Gods. It doesn't advocate the worship of any particular deity. In this context, the Hindu concept of God can be misinterpreted. The fact is that, all these gods and goddesses represent different aspects of the absolute supreme called Brahman. One should understand the fact that each deity is a manifestation of Brahman. It symbolizes one particular aspect of Brahman, or ultimately Brahman itself.

Attributes of Brahman

Brahman is the God in the highest sense: formless, infinite and eternal. As being formless, God is neither nether male nor female. God is beyond space and time, and it is changeless and it is the source of consciousness. Brahman cannot exist, as it is the existence it self. Brahman is all knowing and it is knowledge it self.

Need for gods

God is infinite and the human mind is finite. As all our sensory organs are limited, so do our minds. So, when we think about God, we try to project our limitations on God. This is the point where we associate certain kind of attributes to God. Different Gods will have different forms, personalities and duties.

God is infinite, we are finite

Hindu beliefs do not consider projecting certain attributes on God. On the contrary, it helps people to understand the Supreme Being, whose existence is ungraspable to the human mind. The numerous ways in which the Hindu Gods exists makes the ordinary man to have a chance of identification with the God. Many of the Gods are having family and they handle different roles like: fatherhood, motherhood etc. Thus, instead of being an abstract concept, god becomes a personal being.

Understanding the Brahman

Despite having the abstract concept of Brahman, Hindus worship the God in his personal forms every day. The ancient Vedas describes a number of deities like Indra, Agni, Varuna, which are personified forms of forces of nature. These Vedic gods are no longer worshipped. Today most of the people worships deities like Vishnu, Shiva and Shakthi.
According to Bhagavata Purana, absolute Brahman can be realized in three ways.
  • Brahman it self ( the absolute reality)
  • Paramatma (union of all individual souls)
  • Bhagvan (as a personal God)

Isvara or Bhagvan

When we talk about God as a supreme powerful human being, we often use the name Isvara or Bhagvan. Depending on the aspect of the Isvara which we are referring to, different images are created. For example,
  • Brahma - being referred to as creator
  • Vishnu - being refereed to as preserver
  • Shiva - being referred as the destroyer.

The ultimate aim

The goal of Hinduism is to wake up and realize our connection with the absolute reality Brahman. That is why the essence of Vedas is considered to be "aham brahmasmi" (I am the Brahman).

Attributes of Brahman

Brahman is the God in the highest sense: formless, infinite and eternal. As being formless, God is neither nether male nor female. God is beyond space and time, and it is changeless and it is the source of consciousness. Brahman cannot exist, as it is the existence it self. Brahman is all knowing and it is knowledge it self.
Below given is the list of Famous Hindu Gods.

| Lord Ayyappa | Lord Balaram | Lord Bhairav | Lord Brahma | Lord Buddha | Lord Dattatreya | Lord Dhanvantri | Lord Ganesha | Lord Hanuman | Lord Hayagriva | Lord Jagannath | Lord Kalki | Lord Kartikeya | Lord Krishna | Lord Kubera | Lord Kurma | Lord Mahavir | Lord Matsya | Lord Narasimha | Lord Nataraj | Lord Rama | Sai Baba | Lord Shiva | Lord Skanda | Lord Tirupati Balaji | Lord Vamana | Lord Varaha | Lord Vishnu | 




http://www.religiousportal.com/HinduGods.html

Holy Puranas

Holy Puranas




The Puranas are the richest collection of mythology in the world. The Puranas deal with many religious and moral matters of importance, and document Hindu religious concerns from about 400 to 1000 CE.

The aim of the Puranas is to impress on the minds of the masses the teachings of the Vedas and to generate in them devotion to God, through concrete examples, myths, stories, legends, lives of saints, kings and great men, allegories and chronicles of great historical events. The sages made use of these things to illustrate the eternal principles of religion. The Puranas were meant, not for the scholars, but for the ordinary people who could not understand high philosophy and who could not study the Vedas.



The Puranas are a class of literary texts, all written in Sanskrit verse. There are eighteen main Puranas and an equal number of subsidiary Puranas or Upa-Puranas.Below is the list of main Puranas -



The Brahma Purana -

This is in the form of teachings by Brahma to Daksha. This contains twenty-five thousand verses. This is called Adi Purana also. There is a special treatise in this book on Orissa, an ancient holy region of Bharata. There is in this a special annexure explaining the intimacy between Shiva and Surya which is a deviation from other Puranas. Brahma Purana states about a suryakshetra (sun-temple) situated at a place called Konarka near the holy place of Puri, installed there in the year 1241 A.D. If this Purana along with Jaladhenu is given as a gift on the full-moon day in the month of Vais akha (May) the donor will attain heaven.



The Padma Purana -

This book is divided into six Khandas comprising fifty-five thousand verses. The six Khandas are Srustikhanda, Bhumikhanda, Svargakhanda, Patalakhanda, Uttarakhanda and Kriyayogasara. The Uttarakhanda describes the importance of all months and also the lotus, the seat of Brahma. This contains the stories of Sakuntala and Sri Rama as described by Kalidasa in his works Sakuntala and Raghuvamsa which has made some believe that this Purana was written after Kalidasa. If this Purana is given as gift with a cow in the month of Jyestha (June) it brings prosperity. Contains the glory of Srimad-Bhagavatam; the stories of Rama, Jagannatha, Matsya, Ekadasi, Bhrgu, etc.


The Vishnu Purana - 

This is one of the most important of all the Puranas. This contains the five technical divisions of the Puranas. This is divided into six adisas. This deals with the events of Varahakalpa and contains twenty-three thousand slokas. The theme is the ten incarnations of MahaVishnu. Vishnu Purana is the most ancient of all the Puranas and has got the name Puranaratna (gem of Puranas). The method of narration is in the form of teaching his disciple Maitreya by sage Parasara. Since there is a reference in it to the Maurya dynasty it is to be surmised that this was composed in the first or second century A.D. The narrator himself states thus: "Vyasa an adept in the compositon of Puranas' composed this Puranasarirhita with akhyanas, Upikhyanas, githas and Kalpanirnayas. A Suta named Romaharsana was Vyasa's chief disciple. The broad-minded Vyasa gave that samhita to that suta. Romaharsana had six disciples named Sumati, Agnivarcas, Mitrayus. S`arhsapiyana, Akrtavrana, and Savarni. Of these Akrtavrana, Savarni and 8arirsapayana born in the Kasyapagotra have composed Puranasamhitas. There is yet another sarirhita composed by komaharsana which was the basis of the sarirhitas of his three disciples. I have composed Vishnupurana basing on the above four samhitas." If a man gives as gift a book of Vishnu Purana on the full moon day in the month of asadha (July) with Jaladhenu he will attain Vishnupada. Stories of various devotees; a description of varnasrama; the six angas of the Veda; a description of the age of Kali; description of Sveta-Varaha Kalpa, Vishnu dharmotara.


The Bhavishya Purana-

This is what is told to Manu by Surya (Sun). This contains statements about future events. The book praises the worship of Surya (Sun), Agnes (fire) and Naga (serpent). There is an annexure dealing with the several holy places of Bharata and the rights of pilgrims. The book contains fourteen thousand verses and it is considered to be uttama (best) to give this book along with treacle as a gift to a brahmin on the full-moon day in the month of Pausha (January). Contains the glories of devotional service; prediction of Lord Chaitanya.


The Bhagavata Purana -

This is the most popular and widely circulated of all the Puranas. It is dear to Visnu-devotees. Divided into twelve Skandhas this contains eighteen thousand shlokas. All the incarnations of Visnu are described in this. The most interesting Skandha is the tenth Skandha in which the author has described the life and activities of Sri Krishna. There was once a belief that it was Baladeva who lived in the thirteenth century A.D. that had composed this Purana. But this belief was smashed when it was found that Valialasena of Bengal who lived in the eleventh century A.D. had made references to this Purana in some of his works. Bhagavata accepts Kapila and Buddha as incarnations of Vishnu. The Bhagavatam has been translated into all Indian languages. This book has to be given as gift on the fullmoon day in the month of Prosthapada (September). Agni Purana instructs that this book is to be given along with a golden image of a lion.


The Shiva Purana -

The Shiva Purana has twenty-four thousand shlokas.  These are divided into six samhitas or sections. This purana narrates the stories connected with Lord Shiva.


The Markandeya Purana -

This is one of the ancient Puranas. There are many stories regarding Indra, Surya and Agni in this. This includes a division called Devimahatmya containing praises about the goddess Durga. This contains nine thousand verses and it is considered as uttama (best) to give this book as a gift to a brahmin on a full-moon day in the month of Karttika (November). Stories of Rama and Krishna are also present.


The Agni Purana - 

This Purana was instructed to the sage Vasishtha by Agnideva. There are several references in this to Shivalinga and Durgadevi. The incarnations of Rama and Krishna are also dealt with in this. Distinct from other Puranas this book deals with arts and science like Kavyalankaranatakas (Poems, dramas, figures of speech), Jyotish shastra (Astronomy) and Shilpakala (architecture). This Purana is capable of imparting knowledge on all arts and sciences.


The Brahmavaivarta Purana - 

This was instructed to Savarnika by Narada. The theme is the story of Rathantara. There are four kandas in this Purana called Brahma-kanda, Prakrtikanda, Ganesa-kanda and Krsnajanma-kanda. This deals with Prapancasrsti (creation of the universe). It says that Prapanca is nothing but the Vaivarta (transformation) of Brahman. It is considered to be holy to give this book containing eighteen thousand verses as a gift on the full-moon day in the month of Magha (February).Contains the glories and pastimes of Radha and Krishna.


The Linga Purana - 

This contains instructions of Shiva on Dharma sitting in the form of linga (Phallus). The twenty-eight different forms of Siva are described in this. This contains twelve thousand verses and if this book is given as a gift to a brahmin with tiladhenu on the full-moon day in the month of Phalguna (March) the donor will attain Shivasayujya. Contains the glory of Lord Nrismhadeva; Janardhana; the story of Ambarisha; the glories of Gayatri.

The Varaha Purana - 

The mode of narration is in the form of narrating the story by Varaha, the third incarnation of Vishnu. The theme is about holy places and mantras. It states that the goddess of earth prayed to Mahavishnu and that prayer took the form of a goddess. This book contains fourteen thousand verses. If one copies down this Purana and gives it as gift along with a golden image of Garuda on the full-moon day in the month of Caitra (April) one will attain Vishnuloka. Describes different vratas; Lord Vishnu's glories.


The Skanda Purana - 


This Purana is narrated by Skanda. The theme is the slaughter of the demon Tarakasura by Skanda (Subrahmanya). There is a great similarity between this Purana and the Kumarasambhava of Kalidasa. There are eighty-four thousand verses in this Purana and giving this book as a gift is thought to be good.


The Vamana Purana - 

There is a great similarity between the contents of this Purana and that of Varaha Purana. All the incarnations of Vishnu from Vamana downwards are described in this Purana. The scene of Shiva marrying Parvati is vividly described in this book. This Purana contains ten thousand verses and it is considered to be uttama (best) to give this book as a gift in the autumn season or at the time of Visuva to a Brahmin. Contains the story of Lord Trivikrama.


The Kurma purana - 

This Purana is taught by Kurmamurti (incarnation of Visnu as Kurma (tortoise) while narrating the story of Indradyumna at Patala. All the seven islands and seven oceans are described in this book. Bharata is situated in the centre of all these and is called Jambudvipa. Though it is believed that there were four samhitas for this, only the Brahma-samhita is available now. It includes varagita and Vyasagita. The book is to be given as gift along with a golden image of tortoise. Contains the conversation between Krishna and the Sun-god (mentioned in Bhagavad-gita); Danvantari; Describes the Lakshmi Kalpa.


The Matsya Purana - 

This Purana was taught to Manu by Matsya, the incarnation of Vishnu, The incarnation of Matsya is dealt in this. Several subjects like Jainamata (religion of Jainism), Buddhamata (Buddhism), Natyasastra (histrionics) and Andhraraja-vamsa (kingdom and Kings of Andhra) are discussed in this book. The book contains thirteen thousand verses and this is to be given as gift along with a golden image of a fish at the time of Visuva. Temple construction; describes Vamana and Varaha Kalpas.


The Garuda Purana - 

This is in the form of instructions to Garuda by Vishnu. This deals with astronomy, medicine, grammar, and with the structure and qualities of diamonds. This Purana is dear to Vaishnavites. The latter half of this Purana deals with life after death. The Hindus of north-India generally read this Purana while cremating the bodies of the dead. This has given great importance to the origin of Garuda. There are eight thousand verses in this book. This book should be given as gift along with an image in gold of a swan to get prosperity. Subject of Bhagavad-gita; reincarnation; vishnu-sahasranama; description of Tarsya Kalpa.


The Brahmanda Purana - 

This deals with the origin of the universe as told by Brahma. In the beginning there was a golden egg and the prapanca (universe with its activities) was formed out of it. Portions of Adhyatma Ramayana, references to Radha and Krsna and the incarnation of Parasurama are included in this. This book contains twelve thousand verses and it is believed to be uttama (best) to give this book as a gift to a brahmin. Describes the vedangas; describes the Adi Kalpa.


The Vayu Purana -

The Vayu Purana itself states that the Puranas were originally recited by the great god Brahma and that one has to understand the Puranas if one is to appreciate the Vedas and the Upanishadas. A person who has learnt the Vedas and the Upanishadas, but has not bothered to study the Puranas, can never be wise. The knowledge of the Puranas supplements that of the Vedas and the Upanishadas. As such, the Puranas contain many stories and history. There is no race on earth that does not have its own history. But the immense volume of the Puranas is unsurpassed anywhere else in the world.


http://www.religiousportal.com/Puranas.html

Vedas

Vedas - Four pillars of Hinduism

Veda is a Sanskrit word which means “knowledge” or “science”. Vedic knowledge is enshrined in fourteen sacred texts.The oldest literature of Indian thought is the Veda, a collection of religious and philisophical poems and hymns composed over several generations beginning as early as 3000 BC. The Veda was composed in Sanskrit, the intellectual language of both ancient and classical Indian civilizations. Four collections were made, so it is said that there are four Vedas. The four as a group came to be viewed as sacred in Hinduism. Some Vedic hymns and poems address philosophic themes, such as the henotheism that is key to much Hindu theology. Henotheism is the idea that one God takes many different forms, and that although individuals may worship several different gods and goddesses, they really revere but one Supreme Being.  

There are four Vedas -  

The Rig-Veda

The date for the Rig-Veda was in controversy for a long time. The traditional date goes back to 3000 BC, something which the German scholar Max Mueller accepted. However, modern historians have now reached a consensus that its oldest parts were written around a more cautious 1200BC.As a body of writing, the Rig-Veda (the wisdom of verses) is nothing short of remarkable. It contains 1028 hymns dedicated to thirty-three different gods; these gods were, quite expectedly, nature gods. The most often addressed gods are Indra (rain god; king of heavens), Agni (fire god) and Rudra (storm god; the 'howler'). A sizeable chunk of the verses are also dedicated to Soma (the draught of immortality), which was a cool alcoholic brew made from the leaves of the soma plant and was drunk during sacrifices. The identity of the plant itself is subject of furious debate. In nature, however, it was somewhat similar to the brews that the American Indians used to consume before conducting sacrifices – to numb both the sacrificer and the sacrificee although human sacrifice was never a part of Aryan worship.

This oldest religious text in the world has10,589 verses which are divided into ten mandalas or book-sections. The oldest portions of the Rig-Veda are from books two to seven; the others were added later. The book-sections are arranged according to the number of hymns they possess.



The Sama-Veda


The Sama-Veda or the wisdom of chants is basically a collection of samans or chants, derived from the eighth and ninth books of the 'original Veda', the Rig-Veda. These were meant for the priests who officiated at the rituals of the soma ceremonies – in full sway there could have as many as seventeen full rituals. As time went along rituals and ceremonies of worship became increasingly intricate and the simplicity of the original Rig-Vedic age was slowly forgotten. Thus a need arose to compile all the rituals and their chants in a book, as a sort of reference point for the priests whose functions this Veda clearly puts down.

It is not surprising that the Sama-Veda is better known for the precise meter of its poetry than for its literary content. There are also painstaking instructions in Sama-Veda about how particular hymns must be sung; this is perhaps because great emphasis was put upon sounds of the words of the mantras and the effect they could have on the environment and the person who pronounced them.



The Yajur-Veda


The Yajur-Veda or the wisdom of sacrifices lays down various sacred invocations (yajurs) which were chanted by a particular sect of priests called adhvaryu. They performed the sacrificial rites. This is very much a ritual based Veda for although there are a few hymns to various Gods the main stress is on the theory of the ritual. The Veda also outlines various chants which should be sung to pray and pay respects to the various instruments which are involved in the sacrifice.


The Atharva-Veda


 The Atharva-Veda (the wisdom of the Atharvans) is called so because the families of the atharvan sect of the Brahmins have traditionally been credited with the composition of the Vedas. It is a compilation of hymns but lacks the awesome grandeur which makes the Rig-Veda such a breathtaking spiritual experience. It is roughly equivalent to the western magic spells and has incantations for everything – from success in love to the realization of otherworldly ambitions. 


http://www.religiousportal.com/Vedas.html

Sri Bhairavji


Ganga Maa


Ramayana




Ramayana was originally written by a Sage Valmiki in the Sanskrit language and later on it was translated into other languages in different versions.Ramayana is part of the Hindu smriti. Contained in 24,000 verses, this epic narrates Lord Ram of Ayodhya and his ayan (journey of life). Like Mahabharata, Ramayana is not just a grand epic but a powerful symbol of India's social and cultural fabric passed on from one generation to another. For centuries, its characters are considered an an ideal role models - Rama as an ideal man, ideal husband, ideal son and a responsible ruler; Sita as an ideal wife, ideal daughter and Laxman as an ideal brother. All the characters of Ramayan including Ravana (the enemy of the story) are fundamental to the grandeur cultural consciousness of India.Long after Valmiki wrote Ramayana, Goswami Tulsidas (born 16th century) wrote Ramacharitamanas, popularly known as Tulsi-krita Ramayana in his native language. With the passage of time, Tulsi's version became better known among Hindus in upper India than the Bible among the rustic population in England. As with the Bible and Shakespeare, Tulsi Ramayan's phrases have passed into the common speech. Not only are his sayings proverbial: his doctrine actually forms the most powerful religious influence in present-day Hinduism; and, though he founded no school and was never known as a guru or master, he is everywhere accepted as an authoritative guide in religion and conduct of life.Tulsi Ramayana is a novel presentation of the great theme of Valmiki, but is in no sense a translation of the Sanskrit epic. It consists of seven books or chapters namely Bal Kand, Ayodhya Kand, Aranya Kand, Kiskindha Kand, Sundar Kand, Lanka Kand and Uttar Kand containing tales of King Dasaratha's court, the birth and boyhood of Rama and his brethren, his marriage with Sita - daughter of Janaka, his voluntary exile, the result of Kaikeyi's guile and Dasaratha's rash vow, the dwelling together of Rama and Sita in the great central Indian forest, her abduction by Ravana, the expedition to Lanka and the overthrow of the ravisher, and the life at Ayodhya after the return of the reunited pair. All its characters are as lifelike and distinct as any in occidental literature. Ramcharitmanas is written in pure Avadhi or Eastern Hindi, in stanzas called chaupais, broken by 'dohas' or couplets, with an occasional sortha and chhand. The main story of the Ramayana is about Lord Rama. In short the Ramayana is about Rama who was born in a royal family and was supposed to be the king, but because of his step- mother, he was forced to exile from his kingdom for fourteen years. During this period his consort Sita was kidnapped by a demon called Ravan, who was the king of Lanka. Rama with the help of his brother, Lakshman, and an army of monkeys under the leadership of Hanuman, rescued Sita. 
But the Ramayana isn't only about Lord Rama and his attempt to rescue his consort Sita. Ramayana is also about devotion, loyalty, family roles and respect to elders. The Ramayana does not begin with the life of Rama, but actually with the people on earth who suffer from the demon named Ravan. Ravan is a cruel king who terrorizes the people of earth, especially the religious people and prevents them from performing religious rituals. But Ravan is also a great devotee of the three Gods who rule the universe, Brahma; the creator, Vishnu; the preserver and Shiva; the destroyer and therefore has their blessings and assurance that they as Gods will not hurt him. But the people of the earth, who suffer from Ravan, go up to heaven to visit the Gods and ask for their help. The Gods decide that Lord Vishnu will incarnate as a human being on earth and destroy Ravan. They find out that king of Kosala named Dasrath who has three wives is childless and longing for heir. So Lord Vishnu incarnates as his older son.
The king's first wife Kausalya gives birth to Rama. His second wife Saumitra gives birth to Lakshman and Shatrugan and his third wife Kaykeyi gives birth to Bharat. The four brothers are sent for education in an ashram. They four brothers were very close to each other even though they were stepbrothers. They return to their kingdom after completing education.
Rama gets married to Sita. Sita is an adopted daughter of another king. In order to win her hand, the contestant had to bend a bow, which belonged to Lord Shiva. Many could not even lift this bow. When Rama arrived he did not only bend this bow but also broke it and so got Sita's hand.
King Dasrath intended to inherit his kingdom to his eldest son, Rama. But Bharat's nanny gets jealous and goes to Bharat's mother and begins to incite her about what might happen of her if Rama becomes the king. Incited, Bharat's mother goes to the king and demands from him the two boons he had promised her sometime earlier in life. She demands to send Rama to exile in the forest for fourteen years and make her son Bharat the heir of the kingdom. King Dasrath who is in great dilemma and pain, eventually bows to her demands.
Rama accepts his father's decision without any argument, but the other brothers including Bharat get furious. Lakshman decides to join his brother in exile and so giving an example of brotherly loyalty. Bharat inherits the throne but after his father's death goes to Rama and tries to convince him to return. Bharat tell Rama that because he is the eldest son of the king he is the rightful heir of the throne but Rama refuses and claims that father boons should be respected. Bharat agrees to remain the ruler of the kingdom until Rama's return from exile and as a symbol to prove that the throne belongs to Rama he takes Rama's slippers and puts them on the throne.
The forest in which Rama arrived with his wife Sita and his brother was full of demons. A female demon, Surpanakha fall in love with Rama and she tries to seduce him. Rama being a loyal husband refuses to her flirts, so she tries to kill Sita. At this point Lakshman takes his sword and cuts the demon's nose. She goes to her brother, Ravan, and tells him of the disgrace that happened to her. Ravan decides to avenge this humiliation by kidnapping Rama's wife Sita. He even notices that she is very beautiful and desires her.
Ravan plans ways to far away Rama and Lakshman from Sita so that he can kidnap her. One day Sita sees a very beautiful deer and desires it. She urges Rama to get it so Rama goes deep into the forest to get it. As time passes and Rama does not return, Sita starts to get worried. After some time she hears a cry which she thinks is Rama's cry so she begs Lakshman to find Rama. Lakshman aware of the fact that something bad might happen to Sita, refuses to leave Sita alone. But Sita compels Lakshman to find Rama. Lakshman agrees but draws a line in front of their hut and begs his sister- in- law not to pass this line because it might be dangerous and sets off to search Rama.
When it is quiet dark a sage comes to the hut begging for food. Sita hears the begging of the sage and brings some food for the sage and so passes the line Lakshman had marked. When she gets closer to the sage she finds out that the sage is actually Ravan in disguise. Ravan kidnaps Sita and takes her to his kingdom Lanka. And so this basic plot of the Gods to have Rama to fight with Ravan takes place. On his way to Lanka, Sita struggles with him a lot, A vulture, who resides near Rama's hut, hears her cries and fights with Ravan. Ravan injures that vulture seriously. When Rama and Lakshman return, the vulture who is dying tells them that Ravan kidnapped Sita. Rama and Lakshman decide to find out Sita.
Rama and Lakshman need an army to find and fight Ravan and they get this help from the monkeys. The king of monkeys who was exiled by his brother gets Rama's help to fight and slain his brother. After regaining his throne the monkey king assigns one of his commanders, Hanuman to serve Rama in his assignment to find Sita. After some time the monkeys come across another vulture who tells them that Ravan has kidnapped Sita and taken her to his island kingdom, Lanka.
Hanuman who is capable of flying gets to Lanka after fighting some dangers in the way. He finds Sita in the garden guarded by female demons, in a depressed mood. He proves to her that he is Rama's messenger and offers to carry her back. But to vindicate her honor she prefers that Rama himself should rescue her. Hanuman promises that Rama will come and rescue her.
Hanuman decides to check the capability of Ravan's security forces. He begins to destroy the garden, provoking the security guard and hurting them. Eventually he is captured and brought to Ravan. Hanuman tells Ravan that he is Rama's messenger and demands from him to free Sita or else he will die. Ravan gets furious and at first intended to kill Hanuman, but because Hanuman is a messenger he decides only to punish him by burning his tail. Hanuman flies back to Rama not before setting fire to Ravan's city with his burning tail and extinguishes his tail in the sea.
After Hanuman's return, Rama plans his way to reach Ravan's island. Rama and his advisers plan a land bridge to Lanka. The monkeys bring tree and rocks from the forests and build the land bridge to Lanka. After arriving in Lanka they send a peaceful messenger to Ravan, but Ravan refuses. So a war begins in which both sides lose many forces. Even Rama and Lakshman get hurt. The monkeys also began to get weak because Ravan's forces use biological weapons, which weaken their senses. So a medical expert in Rama's forces claims that to neutralize this a special herb is required which exists in a far away mountain, named Mahodaya.
Hanuman flies to that mountain and finds out that the mountain is full of different herbs, so he brings the whole mountain to Lanka. Slowly the forces get back to their senses.
Eventually after many battles Ravan faces Rama and after two continuos days of battles Rama kills Ravan and visits Sita. But the Ramayana does not end here. The fact that Sita lived in another man's palace causes some rumors about her chastity. She is obliged to take a fire test in which she sits in a fire but comes out unharmed and therefore is purified from charges.
In the original version of the Ramayana, after Rama and Sita return to Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala the rumors about Sita's adultery in Ravan's captivity continue and therefore the people disrespect her. So Rama, who is now the king, decides to banish Sita from his kingdom. In the forests she meets a sage named Valmiki, who later on wrote the Ramayana. In Valmiki's ashram Sita gives birth to two twins of Rama, Lav and Kush. These two children learn from Valmiki to sing the Ramayana as a poem and they go everywhere and start telling everyone the Ramayana, meaning Rama's story. They even arrive into Rama's court and tell him his story and so Rama recognizes his sons. He brings back his wife Sita who decides to prove her loyalty to Rama by asking Mother Earth to swallow her if she was loyal to Rama and so Mother Earth to testify her loyalty, opens up and swallows her and Sita disappears into earth. Later on Rama himself jumped in the river to end his life, followed by many.
In India Ramleela / Ramlila (a type of stage drama) is played in praise of Lord Rama ten days before Dusshera.


http://www.religiousportal.com/Ramayana.html

Gayatri Chalisa



HRIM SHRIM KLIM MADHYA PRABHAA
JEEVANA JYOTI PRACHAND
SHAANTI, KRANTI, JAGRUTA, PRAGATI,
RACHANAA, SHAKTI AKHAND 


O holy Mother Gayatri, you are the first to relieve pain, the first to satisfy and the first to bestow bliss. You are super-intelligence, the bright light of life. You are peace, change awakening, progress and incessant creative power.

JAGAT JANANI MANGAL KARANI
GAYATRI SUKHDHAAM,
PRANAVOM SAVITRI SWADHAA
SWAHAA PURANA KAAM


Gayatri is the Mother of the whole creation. She is benevolent and abode of bliss. She is Pranava i.e. AUMKARA, origin of all, destroyer of evils. She brings self - content and fulfils desires.

AUM BHUR BHUVAH SWAH YUTA JANAI
GAYATRI NITA KALIMALA DAHANI.
AKSHAR CHAUBIS PARAMA PUNITAA
INMEN BASEN SHASTRA SHRUTI GEETAA.



Holy mother Gayatri, accompanied by AUM is the creator of the three worlds - Bhur Bhuvah and Swah. She slways burns off the impurities of the dark age. Her 24 alphabets are supreme purifier and the scriptures, the vedas and Geeta are enshrined in Her.

SHAASHWATA SATOGUNI SATAROOPAA
SATYA SANATANA SUDHA ANOOPAA.
HAMSAAROODHA SITAAMBER DHAARI
SWARNA KAANTI SHUCHI GAGANA BIHAARI. 


Holy mother Gayatri is eternal. She has noble qualities and noble form. She is unique nectar of eternal Trith. With white apparel she sits on the Swan. Her golden complexation is holy and she flied in the sky.

PUSTAKA PUSHPA KAMANDALU MAALAA
SHUBHRA VARNA TANU NAYANA VISHALAA.
DHAYANA DHARATA PULKITA HIYA HO
SUKHA UPAJATA DOOHKH DURMATI KHO .


He who meditates upon the form of Gayatri devotionally, as holding a book, a flower, the holy vessel and a rosary and had having white complexation and wide eyes experiences bliss and is relieved of unhappiness and evil intellect.

KAAMDHENU TUM SUR TARU CHHAAYA
NIRAAKAAR KI ADBHUTA MAYAA
TUMAHARI SHARAN GAHAI JO KO
TARAI SAKAL SANKATA SON SO .


O Gayatri! You are the celestial, cow, kamdhenu that fulfils all desires, you are the shade of the divine tree, Kalpataru. He who comes under your protection overcomes all difficulties.

SARASWATI LAKSHMI TUM KALI
DIPAI TUMHARI JYOTI NIRAALI.
TUMHARI MAHIMAA PAARA NA PAVAI
JO SHARADA SHATA MUKH GOONA GAVAI


You are Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kali in one (and so). You shine with extra-ordinatry light. Your greatness can't be comprehended eve if Sharada signs about the same with a hundred mouths.

CHAARA VEDA KI MAATU PUNITA
TUMA BRAHMANI GAURI GITA.
MAHAA MANTRA JITANAY JAGA MAAHIN
KO-U GAAYATRI SAMA NAHIN.


O Gayatri! You are the holy mother of the four vedas. You are the wife of Brahma. You are the Gauri, the wife of Lord Shiva and You are Geeta. No Mantra (hold chant) among all the world is comparable with Gayatri Mantra.
 
SUMIRATA HIYA MEIN GYANA PRAKASHAAI
AALASA PAAPA AVIDYAA NASAI.
SRISHTI BEEHJA JAGA BHAWAANI
KAALA RAATARI VARADAA KALYAANI. 


O Gayatri! When you are remembered, divine knowledge shines in the heart and idleness, sins and ignorance are dispelled. O Bhawani, You are the benign bestower of boons and the night of deluge.

BRAHMA VISHNU RUDRA SURA JAY TAY
TUM SON PAVEN SURATAA TAT TAY.
TUM BHAKTANAKI BHAKTA TUMHAREN
JANANIHIN PUTRA TAY PYAARAY. 


O Gayatri! Brahma, Vishnu and all other Gods have received divinity from you. You are for the devotees and the devotees are for you. Really, the mother loves the child more than herself.

MAHIMA APARAMPAARA TUMHARI
JAYA JAYA TRIPADAA BHAYAHAARI.
POORITA SAKALA GYAANNA VIGYAANAA
TUM SAMA ADHIKA NA JAGAMEIN AANAA.


O Gayatri! Your power is infinite. May you who has three phrases and who removes the fear be victorious. You pervade both gross knowledge and spiritual knowledge. None, greater than you, has come to the world.

TUMAHIN JAANI KACHHU RAHAI NA SHESHAA
TUMAHIN PAAYA KACHHU RAHAI NA KALESAA.
JAANATA TUMAHIN TUMAHIN HAN JAAI
PAARASA RARISA KUDHATU SUHAI. 


O Gayatri! After knowing you, there remains nothing to be known and there remains neither sins or afflications. I know that you are self-born. Even a base metal becomes by contact with touchstone.

TUMHAARI SHAKTI DIPAI SABA THAI
MAATAA TUMA SABA THORA SAMAI.
GRAHA NAKSHATRA BHRAMANDA GHANAYRAY
SUBA GATIVAANA TUMHARAY PRERAY. 


O gaytri! Your energy shines every where. O Mother you are omnipresent. The planets, the constellations and infinite universe are inspired by you to remain in motion.

SAKALA SRISHTIKI PRANA VIDHAATA
PAALAKA POSHAKA NAASHAKA TRATAA.
MAATESHWARI DAYAA VARTA DHAARI
TUM SANA TARAY PAATAKI BHAARI. 


O Gayatri! You have created the life-force of the whole creation and you protect, nourish, destroy and save. O Divine mother, You have taken a vow to be merciful. Because of you even a great sinner is redeemed.

JAAPARA KRIPAA TUMHAARI HO
TAAPARA KRIPA KAREN SABA KO.
MANDA BUDDHI TAY BUDDHI BALA PAAVAY
ROGI ROGA RAHIGTA HO JAAVAY.


O Gayatri! all are mecriful to hims on whom you are merciful. The dull person gains sharp intellect and the diseased one is cured.

DAARIDRA MITAI KATAI SUBA PIRAA
NAASHAI DUHKH HARAI BHAYA PHIRAA.
GRIHA KALESHA CHITTA CHINTAA BHAARI
NAASAI GAAYATRI BHAYA HAARI. 


O Gayatri! when you are graceful, poverty is removed, all worries end, all miseries and fear are removed. All domestic tribulations and ancieties are mitigated because you are the redeemer.

SANTATI HEENA SUSANTATI PAAVEN
SUKHA SAMPATI YUTA MODA MANAVAY.
BHOOTA PISHAACHA SABAI BHAYA KHAAVEN
YAMA KAY DOOTA NIKATA NAHIN AAVAY. 


O Gayatri! (if your devotee) is childless he gets excellent children. He enjoys life with great prosperity and wealth. All his fear, of ghosts and boblins, is gone and the agents of yama, the god of death, don't approach him.

JO SADHAVAA SUMIRAI CHITA LAAI
AKSHAYA SUHAGA SADAA SUKHADA.
GHARA VARA SUKH PRADA LAHAI KUMARI
VIDHAVAA RAHAY SATYA VRATA DHAARAI. 


If a married women remembers Gayatri Devi with devotion she will have happy married life till end. Similarly an unmarried girl will get blissful home and husband and a widow will maintain her true vows.

JAYATI JAYATI JAGADAMBA BHAVAANI
TUM SAMA AUR DAYAALU NA DAANI.
JO SADGURU SON DIKSHAA PAAVEN
SO SAADHANA KO SAFALA BANAAVEN. 


Gayatri Devi is victorious as the mother of the world and as wife of Lord Shiva. O Gayatri! none is as merciful and charitable as you are. If a person is initiated by a true preceptor for Gayatri Mantra his Gayatri worship will be successful.

SUMIRANA KARAY SURUCHI BADABHAAGI
LAHAI MANORATHA GRAHI VIRAAGI.
ASHTA SIDDDHI NAVA NIDHI KE DAATA
SABA SAMARATHA GAAYATRI MAATA. 


If a fortunate person with good inclination remembers Gayatri Devi, all his desires would be fulfilled and yet he wouldn't be tied to them. Omnipotent mother Gayatri is capable enough to bestow all the eight miraculous powers and all the nine types of treasures.

RISHI MUNI JATI TAPASVI JOGI
AARATA ARTHI CHINTITA BHOGI.
JO JO SHARANA TUMAARI AAVEN
SO SO MANA VAANCHHITA FALA PAAVEN. 


The sage, the ascetic, the Saint, the performer of penance, a yogi, the unhappy one, the poor one desiring wealth, the worried one whoever comes under your shelter has his desire fulfilled.

BALA BUDDHI VIDYAA SHEELA SWABHAU
DHANA VAIBHAVA YASHA TEJA UCHHAU.
SAKALA BADHEN UPAJAY SUKHA NAANAA
JO YAHA PAATHA KARAI DHARI DHYAANAA. 


He who recites this Gayatri Chalisa daily, with rapt attention will have increased strength, intellect, earning, improved character and nature, multiplied wealth, luxury, prestige and provels. All these will multiply to give him various types of happiness.

YAHA CHALISA BHAKTI YUTA
PAATHA KARAY JO KOY
TAA PAR KRIPAA PRASANNATAA
GAYATRI KI HOYE


Holy Mother Gayatri will be pleased with and favour one who recites this Gayatri Chalisa daily with devotion.

Jai Maa Gayatri !

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